Child Dental Health-Course Modules

 

S/N

 

COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE UNITS
1

 

CDH 402 PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY I (CHILD DEVELOPMENT) 2
2

 

CDH 404 ORTHODONTICS I 2
3

 

CDH 502 PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY II (OPERATIVE TECHNIQUE) 2
4

 

CDH 504 PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY III (CHILD MANAGEMENT) 2
5

 

CDH 601 PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY IV (CARIOLOGY) 2
6

 

CDH 603 ORTHODONTICS II 2
7

 

CDH 605 ORTHODONTICS III 2
8

 

CDH 607 PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY V (TRAUMATOLOGY) 2
9

 

CDH 602 PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY VI (ORAL DIAGNOSTICS SESSION) 2
10

 

CDH 604 ORTHODONTICS IV 2

 

CDH 402 PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY I – CHILD DEVELOPMENT

COURSE OBJECTIVES

This course introduces the fresh clinical student to the specialty of Paediatric Dentistry. At the end of the course, the student should be able to relate development of the dentition to the process of eruption and aetiology of structural abnormalities and occlusal problems. The student should also be able to recognize general developmental problems in the child patient, and interrelationship with dental and occlusal anomalies.

TOPICS:

  • Introduction to Paediatric Dentistry
  • Milestone in Child development I
  • Milestone in Child Development II
  • Development of the Dentition I (Primary Dentition)
  • Development of the Dentition II (Mixed Dentition)
  • Development of the Dentition III (Permanent Dentition)
  • Dental Anomalies I: Eruption and Exfoliation Disorders
  • Dental Anomalies II: Number, Size and Form or Shape
  • Dental Anomalies III: Structure
  • Dental Anomalies IV: Structure
  • Common Occlusal problems during Tooth exchange
  • Common Childhood diseases I
  • Common Childhood diseases II

In-course Assessment

CDH 502 PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY II – OPERATIVE TECHNIQUE

COURSE OBJECTIVES

To acquire skills in:

  • Identification of the teeth using the different morphological characteristics
  • To practice isolation techniques and cavity preparation using all the available aids and devices for restoration
  • To practice pulp treatment, stainless steel crown preparation and identify materials used in dental arch space management

TOPICS:

Introduction – Instruments in Paediatric Dentistry

Identification of Teeth – Primary / Permanent

Placement of Rubber Dam

Control of saliva

Identification and placement of marix bands, retainers and wedges

Principle of cavity preparation:

Cavity preparation – Class I

– Class II

Pulp Therapy I – Indirect pulp capping

– Direct pulp capping

Pulp Therapy II – Pulpotomy

Pulp Therapy III – Pulpectomy

Stainless Steel Crown preparation – Anterior / Posterior

Acid Etch Technique

  • Incisal tip restoration
  • Labial facing
  • Fissure sealant

Veneers

Space maintainers

In-Course Assessment

CDH 504 PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY III – CHILD MANAGEMENT

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • At the end of the lecture series, the student should have knowledge of basic history taking, examination, investigation, diagnosis and treatment planning for the child patient, using available diagnostic aids such as radiographs
  • The student should also have knowledge of the various anaesthetic techniques including indications and contraindications for use and drug interactions.

TOPICS:

Principles of Child Management I

Principles of Child Management II

History taking, Examination, Diagnosis and Treatment planning for the child patient

Radiographic Techniques I

Radiographic Techniques II

Anaesthesia – (Local)

Sedation

Anaesthesia – (General Anaesthesia)

In-Course Assessment

CDH 404 ORTHODONTICS I

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • The student should be able to apply the principles of Orthodontics in general dental practice and develop a good knowledge of common Orthodontic terminologies.
  • A comprehensive knowledge of growth and development of children should be acquired with a thorough understanding of the normal varieties and development of normal structures from early childhood.
  • The student should be aware of the importance of growth in Orthodontic management

TOPICS:

Introduction to the undergraduate course in Orthodontics.

Definition of Orthodontics.

Early development of the face.

Growth of the face and jaws.

Development of normal occlusion and the effects of soft tissue on the developing occlusion.

Aetiology of malocclusion, local causes of malocclusion.

Classification and diagnosis of malocclusion.

Orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning for Angle’s class II division 1 malocclusion.

Treatment of Angle’s class II division 2 malocclusion.

Treatment of Angle’s class III incisor relationship.

Principles of removable appliance design.

Introduction to fixed orthodontic appliances.

In-Course Assessment

CDH 603 ORTHODONTICS II

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • The student should be familiar with standard classifications of Malocclusion with factors causing it, both local and general
  • Should have appropriate knowledge of indices available to measure malocclusion in a population and its application.
  • Be familiar with measurement of degree of malocclusion and treatment needs in a given population.

TOPICS:

Classification of Malocclusion

Malposition of Teeth, malrelationship of Arches

Aetiology of Malocclusion I – The Skeletal pattern

Aetiology of Malocclusion II – The Soft Tissues

Aetiology of malocclusion III – Crowding

Aetiology of malocclusion IV – Local Factors

Supernumerary teeth / Hypodontia

The Prevalence of malocclusion

The use of Orthodontic Indices

In-Course Assessment

CDH 601 PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY IV – CARIOLOGY

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • At the end of the lecture series, the student should have basic knowledge of risk factors, aetiology and diagnosis of dental caries.
  • They should also have basic knowledge of materials available for restoration and rehabilitation after caries diagnosis.

TOPICS:

Aetiology of Dental caries I

Aetiology of dental caries II

Prevention of Dental Caries I

Prevention of dental Caries II

Early Childhood Caries: Aetiology and Management

Dental Materials and Reagents I

Dental Materials and Reagents II

Pulp Therapy: Direct and Indirect Pulp Capping Techniques

Pulp Therapy: Pulpotomies

Pulp Therapy: Pulpectomy

Exodontias of Primary Teeth

Management of Space problems in child patients

In-Course Assessment

CDH 605 ORTHODONTICS III

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • The student should develop the ability to identify and assess the need for Orthodontic treatment, provide optimal intervention of appropriate timing and be familiar with treatment planning for patients requiring referral for special care.
  • Student should be aware of biological principles forming Orthodontic tooth movement and have a basic knowledge of treatment available to be carried out in the young child patient.
  • Student should acquire basic knowledge in the principles of removable appliance and be able to design suitable Removable Appliances to correct simple malocclusions using appropriate components of these appliances.

TOPICS:

Early development of the face: Growth of the face and jaws.

Development of normal occlusion and the effects of soft tissue on the developing occlusion.

Aetiology of malocclusion Local causes of malocclusion.

Interceptive orthodontics.

Classification and diagnosis of malocclusion.

Principles of cephalometrics.

Other radiological views in orthodontics.

Orthodontics diagnosis and treatment planning.

Treatment of Angle’s class II division I malocclusion.

Treatment of Angle’s class II division 2 malocclusion.

Treatment of Angle’s class III incisor relationship.

Principles of removable appliances.

Advantages and disadvanges of removable appliances.

Bite planes, space maintainers.

In-Course Assessment

CDH 607 PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY V – TRAUMATOLOGY

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • At the end of the lecture series, the student should be able to classify dental injuries using recommended classification methods.
  • The student should acquire knowledge of examination, diagnostic procedures and treatment planning for a child with dental injury, including rehabilitation procedures.

TOPICS:

Aetiology and classification of Injuries to the anterior teeth

General Examination, Diagnostic Procedures and Treatment Planning

Management of Injuries to Anterior Teeth:

  1. Open apices
  2. Closed apices
  3. Concussion
  4. Luxation
  5. Avulsion

Management of dental trauma in the child patient

Sequellae of Trauma to anterior teeth and their Management

Discoloration of Teeth:

  1. Aetiology
  2. Management

Teeth Rehabilitation (Anterior Jacket Crown AJC / Posterior Jacket Crown PJC)

Teeth Rehabilitation

  1. Partial Dentures
  2. Overdentures
  3. Bridges

In-Course Assessment

CDH 602 PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY VI – ORAL DIAGNOSTIC SESSION AND SPECIAL PATIENT CARE

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • To introduce the student to special patient care and special diagnosis sessions.
  • The student should also have knowledge of the role of the Paediatric Dentist as a member of the Health Team, especially concerning the health of the child patient.

TOPICS:

Oral Diagnosis Clinical Sessions I

Clinical Sessions II

Dental Therapeutics I

Dental Therapeutics II

Oral Soft Tissue Lesions in Children

Management of children with Special Needs I

Management of children with special Needs II

Management of children with Special Needs III

Genetic Counseling

Speech Pathology and therapy relating to dental care

Child Psychology in Dentistry

Community Dental Health / the Paediatric Dentist as a member of the Dental Team

Oral Health Education for Paediatric patients

In-Course Assessment

RECOMMENDED TEXTS

  1. A Manual of Paediatric Dentistry by R.J. Andlaw and W.P. Rock. 4th Edition 1999 Publishers: Churchill Livingstone.
  2. Fundamentals of Paediatric Dentistry by R.J. Mathewson and R.E. Primosch. 3rd Edition 1995. Publishers: Quintessence Publishing Co. Inc.
  3. Dentistry for the Child and Adolescent by R.E. McDonald and D.R. Avery. 9th Edition 2011.
  4. An Introduction to Orthodontics. Laura Mitchell. Oxford Publishers.
  5. Orthodontic Notes by M.L. Jones and R.G. Oliver. 7th Edition 2004. Wright Publishers.
  6. Handbook of Orthodontics. M.T. Cobourne, A.T. Bibiase. 1st Mosby Elsevier Publishers.
  7. Textbook of Orthodontics by S.E. Bishara, W.B. Saunders Co. 1st

DEPARTMENT OF CHILD DENTAL HEALTH LECTURE, CLINIC AND LABORATORY ROSTER

DAYS 8-9 9-10 10-12 12-1 1-2 2-3 3-4
MON     CLINICS ¾ CLINICS ORTHO  
TUE   ORTHO CLINICS ¾ CLINICS PAEDO  
WED FACULTY SEMINAR/

JOURNAL CLUB

CLINICS ¾ CLINICS CDH JOURNAL

REVIEW

THUR     CLINICS ¾ CLINICS DEPARTMENTAL

SEMINAR

FRI   PAEDO CLINICS ¾ CLINICS