Preventive Dentistry-Course Modules

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE UNITS
1 PVD 422 Oral Medicine and Therapeutics I 3
2 PVD 424 Oral Diagnosis and Dental Radiology I 3
3 PVD 521 Oral Medicine and Therapeutics II 2
4 PVD 523 Oral Diagnosis and Dental Radiology II 1
5 PVD 525 Periodontology I 2
6 PVD 522 Oral Medicine and Therapeutics III 2
7 PVD 524 Oral Diagnosis and Dental Radiology III 2
8 PVD 526 Periodontology II 2
9 PVD 528 Community and Preventive Dentistry I 2
10 PVD 621 Oral Medicine and Therapeutics IV 2
11 PVD 623 Periodontology III 2
12 PVD 625 Community and Preventive Dentistry II 2
13 PVD 627 Medical/Dental Ethics and Jurisprudence 1
14 PVD 622 Oral Medicine and Therapeutics V 2
15 PVD 628 Community and Preventive Dentistry III 2
16 PVD 626 Research Project 2

PVD 422 ORAL MEDICINE AND THERAPEUTICS I        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

– This course introduces the fresh clinical student to basic oral medical practices and principles guiding use of therapeutics in dental patients.

– At the end of the course, the student should be able to know how oral health relates to general health.

– He/She should also be able to differentiate the classes of therapeutics that are used in Dentistry.

TOPICS

– An overview of oral soft tissues

– Introduction to oral medicine and therapeutics.

– Overview of the classes of medication used in dentistry

– Common analgesics – types and indications I

– Common analgesics – types and indications II

-Anti-microbials used in dental practice I.

– Anti-microbials used in dental practice II

– The use of anxiolytics, sedatives, hypnotics and tranquilizers in dentistry.

– Introduction to the constituents and actions of toothpaste, mouth-rinses and mouthwashes.

– Local anaesthesia in dental surgery- Types, Constituents, and Uses.

– In- Course Assessment

PVD 424 ORAL DIAGNOSIS AND DENTAL RADIOLOGY I        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • This course introduces the student to the dental patient, history taking and clinical examination and the complementary use of X-rays views.
  • It as gives an insight into the challenges posed by a difficult patient.        

TOPICS

  • Introduction to the dental patient: his anxieties, fears, and manners. An insight into the challenges posed by a difficult patient and methods of patient’s control.
  • Introduction to dental history taking and clinical examination.
  • Introduction to the basic investigations employed in the clinical setting like percussion testing, trans-illumination and pulp vitality testing techniques.
  • Introduction to dental diagnostic equipment, their uses and limitations.
  • Introduction to dental radiology and dental x-ray machines.
  • A review of the principles of ALARA and its application in dental radiography
  • Possible hazards and protective procedures for both the patient and dental surgery staff
  • In-Course Assessment

PVD 521 ORAL MEDICINE AND THERAPEUTICS II        

CORURSE OBJECTIVES

  • The course revises anti-microbial agents and other common medications used in dental practice.
  • Also oral care products and oral aids will be taught here.
  • At the end of this course the student is expected to be grounded in medication and agents used commonly in dental practice.

TOPICS

  • A revision of the principles of antibiotic use and a
  • Antibiotics used in dental practice I
  • Antibiotics used in dental practice II
  • Role of antidepressants in the management of certain dental conditions.
  • Sialogogues – uses and limitations
  • Dentine desensitizing agents, plaque disclosing and plaque removing agents.
  • The use of steroids, their limitations and possible complications is reviewed.
  • Antihistamines and decongestants – An update
  • In-Course Assessment

PVD 523 ORAL DIAGNOSIS AND DENTAL RADIOLOGY II        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • This course expounds on the use of patient’s history and clinical examination to diagnose common dental conditions.
  • Details and interpretation of dental radiography are also taught here.
  • At the end of this course, the student is supposed to be able to make intelligent impressions and give diagnosis of common dental conditions such as dental caries and periodontal diseases.

TOPICS

  • Diagnosis dental pain, dental caries, and periodontal conditions
  • Diagnosis of oral ulcers, oral bleeding, and dental erosions.
  • Diagnosis of tooth discolorations, tooth wear lesions and halitosis
  • Overview of types of Intra-oral and Extra-oral Radiographs
  • Intra-oral Radiographs I
  • Intra-oral Radiographs II
  • Extra-oral Radiographs I
  • Extra-oral Radiographs II
  • In-Course Assessment

PVD 525 PERIODONTOLOGY I        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • This course exposes the student to make up of the periodontium and the oral environment.
  • The student is expected to know the outlook of a normal and diseased periodontium; the influence of systemic factors on periodontium.
  • He/She should also know how to measure periodontal diseases with different available indices

TOPICS

  • What the oral environment is
  • Defence mechanisms and immunology.
  • Anatomy and physiology of the periodontium.
  • Age changes and influence on periodontium
  • Tooth deposits: material alba, acquired pellicle, plaque and calculus.
  • Classification of periodontal disease.
  • The natural history of periodontal disease (pathology of gingivitis/periodontitis).
  • The influence of systemic factors on periodontal diseases.
  • Epidemiology of periodontal diseases.
  • Periodontal indices
  • In-course Assessment

PVD 522 ORAL MEDICINE AND THERAPEUTICS III        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • This course teaches the student bacterial, fungal and viral infections affecting the oral cavity. Other non-infective lesions affecting the mouth are also taught here.
  • At the end of the course, the student is supposed to know infective and non-infective lesion affecting the oral cavity.

TOPICS

  • An introduction to Infective and non –infective lesions of the mouth
  • Bacterial lesions of the oral cavity I
  • Bacterial lesions of the oral cavity II
  • Fungal lesions affecting the oral cavity with a detailed look at oral candidiasis.
  • Viral infections of the of the oral cavity I
  • Viral infections of the oral cavity II
  • A comprehensive study of recurrent oral aphthous ulcers with emphasis on types and individual variations, predisposing factors and management.
  • A look at vesico-bullous lesions and their importance to the dental surgeon
  • In-Course Assessment

PVD 524 ORAL DIAGNOSIS AND DENTAL RADIOLOGY III        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • This course reviews the diagnostic techniques for gum and jaw swellings.
  • Advanced imaging techniques that are available to the dental surgeon are taught with an introduction to radiation therapy.
  • At the end of the course, the student is expected to be able to diagnose jaw and gum swellings and possess an in-depth knowledge of orthopantomograph in oral diagnosis

TOPICS

  • Review of the diagnostic techniques for swellings of gums and swelling of the jaws.
  • Study of the orthopantomogram (OPG), application in dental practice, limitations and interpretation of films.
  • Advanced imaging techniques in dentistry I
  • Advanced imaging technique in dentistry II
  • An introduction of radiation therapy, its principles, guidelines of administration, effects and complications.
  • The art of patient referral
  • In – Course Assessment

PVD 526 PERIODONTOLOGY II

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • This course teaches the prevention of periodontal diseases with emphasis on the control of the primary aetiological agent.
  • Also, the principles of treatment of periodontal diseases and simple periodontal surgeries are taught.      

TOPICS

  • Prevention of periodontal diseases.
  • Methods of detecting and measuring plaque.
  • Disclosing agents and techniques for removing plaque.
  • Principles of treatment of periodontal diseases
  • Non surgical periodontal treatment
  • Development of pockets: infrabony and suprabony pockets; exposed roots and furcation involvement.
  • Gingivectomy and frenectomy
  • Post- operative management of patients – periodontal packs and dressing
  • Management of bony defects and furcation involvement

PVD 528 COMMUNITY AND PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY I        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • The student is introduced to Public Health Dentistry and the application of epidemiology to Medicine and Dentistry.
  • He/she is also exposed to World Health Organization’s Oral Health surveys and how they can be applied in our environment.

TOPICS

  • Introduction to the principles of Public health.
  • Determinants of health, definitions of health
  • Dental epidemiology – application to Medicine and Dentistry.
  • Planning epidemiological investigations
  • Population sampling methods
  • Types of data and studies in Public health
  • Basic statistics and data analysis with interpretation of results.
  • H.O recommendation for Oral Health Surveys.
  • Indices for measurement of oral hygiene oral diseases.
  • Epidemiology of dental caries, periodontal disease, anatomical abnormalities, oral tumours with special reference to Nigeria.
  • Trends in oral diseases. Dietary counselling and plaque control.
  • In-course Assessment

PVD 621 ORAL MEDICINE AND THERAPEUTICS IV        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  • This course teaches the common oral white lesions and pigmented lesions of the oral tissues that the student may come across in dental practice.
  • Secondly, the student is given an update of Oral ulcerative lesions and cervico facial lymphadenopathy.

TOPICS

  • Oral white lesions I
  • Oral white lesions II
  • Pigmented lesions of oral tissues I
  • Pigmented lesions of the oral tissues II
  • Drug induced lesions of the oral tissues I
  • Drug induced lesions of the oral tissues II
  • Oral ulcerative lesions – An update
  • Facial pain
  • Temporo-mandibular pain dysfunction syndrome
  • Differential diagnoses of Cervico-facial lymphadenopathy
  • In- Course Assessment

PVD 623 PERIODONTOLOGY III        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

The course teaches occlusion and attending occlusal problems. Also, periodontal enlargements and management are taught here.

  • Occlusion and occlusal problems.
  • Occlusal adjustments, periodontal splints.
  • Acute periodontal lesions I
  • Acute periodontal lesions II
  • Periodontal enlargement and management
  • End of course Assessment

PVD 625 COMMUNITY AND PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY II        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

This course consolidates on lessons learnt in the Introduction to Public Health dentistry. The student is also exposed to concept of prevention of dental diseases.

TOPICS

  • Principles of oral health promotion
  • Overview of behavioural change.
  • Levels of prevention of dental diseases – Concept of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention at the individuals and community levels in Dentistry
  • Dental caries prevention.
  • Fluoridation of water – History, legal and social aspects; methods and effectiveness.
  • Other methods of fluoride administration – systemic and topical.
  • Prevention of Periodontal disease.
  • Oral tumours, screening procedures for early diagnosis, rehabilitation.
  • Dental Health education- Aims and methods,
  • Applications of DHE to individual patient and the community dental public health programme.
  • In – Course Assessment

PVD 627 DENTAL AND MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

This course introduces the student to ethics and ethical principles. Also, the place of dentistry in the dental team will be taught.

TOPICS

  • Introduction to ethics: definition and scope of ethics and jurisprudence.
  • Oath of Hippocrates and ethical obligation in relation to patients.
  • Structure of health services in Nigeria: place of dentistry in the health team.
  • Role of dentists to welfare of patients and their relatives.
  • Management of dental surgery, responsibility to employees’ health and safety.
  • Use of records in dental surgery; confidentiality and importance for forensic identification.
  • Professional ethics and self regulation.
  • State regulation of professional practice.
  • Legal definitions of required skill, malpractice, negligence. Insurance and Medical Defence Societies.
  • Consent to treatment – Indications for oral and written consent.
  • In – Course Assessment

PVD 622 ORAL MEDICINE AND THERAPEUTICS V        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

The course teaches oral manifestations of systemic diseases. At the end of the course the student is expected to know the oral manifestation of diseases affecting the different systemic organs/tissues.

TOPICS

  • The oral manifestations of diseases affecting the skin and gastrointestinal tract
  • Oral manifestations of endocrine and haematological systems.
  • Neurological disorders important to the dentist, facial palsy, trigeminal and glossopharyngeal neuralgia, Frey syndrome.
  • Oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS.
  • End of Course Assessment

PVD 628 COMMUNITY AND PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY III        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

This course teaches Health Service Organization, management of dental information and the oral health policy.

TOPICS

  • Health Service Organization; primary health care; the health team.
  • Planning dental services.
  • Delivery of dental services to the community including Manpower needs, use of ancillaries, priority groups,
  • Dental finance.
  • The relationship between need and demand.
  • Dental information and tele-dentistry.
  • Oral health policy and Basic package of oral care.
  • End of Course Assessment

PVD 626 RESEARCH PROJECT        

COURSE OBJECTIVES

Each student is supervised to work on a well thought individual research topic in any area of Dentistry. The basic approach to organize, conduct and write up a scientific investigation is also imparted on the student.

RECOMMENDED LIST OF BOOKS FOR PERIODONTOLOGY

  1. Outline of Periodontics By J.D. Manson/B.M. Eley
  2. Periodontal manifestation of local and Systemic diseases

(Colour atlas and text) by G. Laskaris & C. Scully

  1. Clinical Periodontology By Michael G. Newman/Henry H. Takei/Fermin A. Caranza.
  2. Clinical Periodontology- Newman, Takei and Klokkevold
  3. Periodontal Therapy by Naber & Stalker

RECOMMENDED TEXT FOR COMMUNITY DENTISTRY

  1. Dentistry, Dental Practice & the Community by Brain A. BURT (Editor). Stephen A. Eklund
  2. Community Oral Health (Illustrated) By Cynthia Pine

Butterworth – Heinemann Medical/

  1. Behavioral Sciences in Dentistry By Gerry Humphis, Margaret S. Ling
  2. Introduction to Dental Public Health By Downer, MC Gelbier S. Gribbons DE, Gallagher JE

FDI World Dental Press

  1. Principles of Dental Public Health By James Morse Dunning,

Harvard University Press Cambridge Mass

  1. Dental Public Health & Primary Preventive Dentistry Package by Norman O. Harris, Franklin Garcia-Godoy, Christine Nielsen Nathe
  1. Dental Health Education: Theory and Practice by Christina B. Debiase
  1. Oral Health Promotion by Lone Schou, Anthony S. Blinkhorn (Editor)
  2. Dental Health Education: Theory and Practice (2004) By E. Ndiokwelu. Inst. For Development   Studies, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus
  1. Ethics and Jurisprudence (2004) By E. Ndiokwelu. Precision Publishers Ltd. Enugu

DEPARTMENT OF PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY

LECTURE, CLINIC AND COMMUNITY VISITS ROSTER

DAYS 8-9am 9-10am 10-12noon 12-1pm 1-2pm 2-3pm 3-4pm
MON ______ ____  

 

CLINICS

 

CLINICS

 

CLINICS

 

CLINICS

 

CLINICS

____ CLINICS Research Project Supervision _____
TUE Departmental seminar _____ ___ CLINICS ______ Oral Medicine.
WED Comm. Visit Faculty Seminar ____ CLINICS ______ Comm. Dent.
THUR Oral Medicine Research Project sup. ___ CLINICS Periodontics _____
FRI Comm. Dent. ____ ___ CLINICS Periodontics _____